Source code for openmdao.utils.options_dictionary

"""Define the OptionsDictionary class."""
from __future__ import division, print_function

from six import iteritems, string_types

from openmdao.utils.general_utils import warn_deprecation

# unique object to check if default is given
_undefined = object()

[docs]class OptionsDictionary(object): """ Dictionary with pre-declaration of keys for value-checking and default values. This class is instantiated for: 1. the options attribute in solvers, drivers, and processor allocators 2. the supports attribute in drivers 3. the options attribute in systems Attributes ---------- _dict : dict of dict Dictionary of entries. Each entry is a dictionary consisting of value, values, types, desc, lower, and upper. _parent_name : str or None If defined, prepend this name to beginning of all exceptions. _read_only : bool If True, no options can be set after declaration. """
[docs] def __init__(self, parent_name=None, read_only=False): """ Initialize all attributes. Parameters ---------- parent_name : str Name or class name of System that owns this OptionsDictionary read_only : bool If True, setting (via __setitem__ or update) is not permitted. """ self._dict = {} self._parent_name = parent_name self._read_only = read_only
def __repr__(self): """ Return a dictionary representation of the options. Returns ------- dict The options dictionary. """ return self._dict.__repr__() def __rst__(self): """ Generate reStructuredText view of the options table. Returns ------- list of str A rendition of the options as an rST table. """ outputs = [] for option_name, option_data in sorted(iteritems(self._dict)): name = option_name default = option_data['value'] if option_data['value'] is not _undefined \ else '**Required**' values = option_data['values'] types = option_data['types'] desc = option_data['desc'] # if the default is an object instance, replace with the (unqualified) object type default_str = str(default) idx = default_str.find(' object at ') if idx >= 0 and default_str[0] is '<': parts = default_str[:idx].split('.') default = parts[-1] if types is None: types = "N/A" elif types is not None: if not isinstance(types, (set, tuple, list)): types = (types,) types = [type_.__name__ for type_ in types] if values is None: values = "N/A" elif values is not None: if not isinstance(values, (set, tuple, list)): values = (values,) values = [value for value in values] outputs.append([name, default, values, types, desc]) lines = [] col_heads = ['Option', 'Default', 'Acceptable Values', 'Acceptable Types', 'Description'] max_sizes = {} for j, col in enumerate(col_heads): max_sizes[j] = len(col) for output in outputs: for j, item in enumerate(output): length = len(str(item)) if max_sizes[j] < length: max_sizes[j] = length header = "" titles = "" for key, val in iteritems(max_sizes): header += '=' * val + ' ' for j, head in enumerate(col_heads): titles += "%s " % head size = max_sizes[j] space = size - len(head) if space > 0: titles += space * ' ' lines.append(header) lines.append(titles) lines.append(header) n = 3 for output in outputs: line = "" for j, item in enumerate(output): line += "%s " % str(item) size = max_sizes[j] space = size - len(str(item)) if space > 0: line += space * ' ' lines.append(line) n += 1 lines.append(header) return lines def __str__(self, width=100): """ Generate text string representation of the options table. Parameters ---------- width : int The maximum width of the text. Returns ------- str A text representation of the options table. """ rst = self.__rst__() cols = [len(header) for header in rst[0].split()] desc_col = sum(cols[:-1]) + len(cols) - 1 desc_len = width - desc_col # if it won't fit in allowed width, just return the rST if desc_len < 10: return '\n'.join(rst) text = [] for row in rst: if len(row) > width: text.append(row[:width]) if not row.startswith('==='): row = row[width:].rstrip() while(len(row) > 0): text.append(' ' * desc_col + row[:desc_len]) row = row[desc_len:] else: text.append(row) return '\n'.join(text) def _raise(self, msg, exc_type=RuntimeError): """ Raise the given exception type, with parent's name prepended to the message. Parameters ---------- msg : str The error message. exc_type : class The type of the exception to be raised. """ if self._parent_name is None: full_msg = msg else: full_msg = '{}: {}'.format(self._parent_name, msg) raise exc_type(full_msg) def _assert_valid(self, name, value): """ Check whether the given value is valid, where the key has already been declared. The optional checks consist of ensuring: the value is one of a list of acceptable values, the type of value is one of a list of acceptable types, value is not less than lower, value is not greater than upper, and value satisfies check_valid. Parameters ---------- name : str The key for the declared option. value : object The default or user-set value to check for value, type, lower, and upper. """ meta = self._dict[name] values = meta['values'] types = meta['types'] lower = meta['lower'] upper = meta['upper'] if not (value is None and meta['allow_none']): # If only values is declared if values is not None: if value not in values: if isinstance(value, string_types): value = "'{}'".format(value) self._raise("Value ({}) of option '{}' is not one of {}.".format(value, name, values), ValueError) # If only types is declared elif types is not None: if not isinstance(value, types): vtype = type(value).__name__ if isinstance(value, string_types): value = "'{}'".format(value) if isinstance(types, (set, tuple, list)): typs = tuple([type_.__name__ for type_ in types]) self._raise("Value ({}) of option '{}' has type '{}', but one of " "types {} was expected.".format(value, name, vtype, typs), exc_type=TypeError) else: self._raise("Value ({}) of option '{}' has type '{}', but type '{}' " "was expected.".format(value, name, vtype, types.__name__), exc_type=TypeError) if upper is not None: if value > upper: self._raise("Value ({}) of option '{}' " "exceeds maximum allowed value of {}.".format(value, name, upper), exc_type=ValueError) if lower is not None: if value < lower: self._raise("Value ({}) of option '{}' " "is less than minimum allowed value of {}.".format(value, name, lower), exc_type=ValueError) # General function test if meta['check_valid'] is not None: meta['check_valid'](name, value)
[docs] def declare(self, name, default=_undefined, values=None, types=None, type_=None, desc='', upper=None, lower=None, check_valid=None, allow_none=False): r""" Declare an option. The value of the option must satisfy the following: 1. If values only was given when declaring, value must be in values. 2. If types only was given when declaring, value must satisfy isinstance(value, types). 3. It is an error if both values and types are given. Parameters ---------- name : str Name of the option. default : object or Null Optional default value that must be valid under the above 3 conditions. values : set or list or tuple or None Optional list of acceptable option values. types : type or tuple of types or None Optional type or list of acceptable option types. type_ : type or tuple of types or None Deprecated. Use types instead. desc : str Optional description of the option. upper : float or None Maximum allowable value. lower : float or None Minimum allowable value. check_valid : function or None General check function that raises an exception if value is not valid. allow_none : bool If True, allow None as a value regardless of values or types. """ if type_ is not None: warn_deprecation("In declaration of option '%s' the '_type' arg is deprecated. " "Use 'types' instead." % name) if types is None: types = type_ if values is not None and not isinstance(values, (set, list, tuple)): self._raise("In declaration of option '%s', the 'values' arg must be of type None," " list, or tuple - not %s." % (name, values), exc_type=TypeError) if types is not None and not isinstance(types, (type, set, list, tuple)): self._raise("In declaration of option '%s', the 'types' arg must be None, a type " "or a tuple - not %s." % (name, types), exc_type=TypeError) if types is not None and values is not None: self._raise("'types' and 'values' were both specified for option '%s'." % name) if types is bool: values = (True, False) default_provided = default is not _undefined self._dict[name] = { 'value': default, 'values': values, 'types': types, 'desc': desc, 'upper': upper, 'lower': lower, 'check_valid': check_valid, 'has_been_set': default_provided, 'allow_none': allow_none, } # If a default is given, check for validity if default_provided: self._assert_valid(name, default)
[docs] def undeclare(self, name): """ Remove entry from the OptionsDictionary, for classes that don't use that option. Parameters ---------- name : str The name of a key, the entry of which will be removed from the internal dictionary. """ if name in self._dict: del self._dict[name]
[docs] def update(self, in_dict): """ Update the internal dictionary with the given one. Parameters ---------- in_dict : dict The incoming dictionary to add to the internal one. """ for name in in_dict: self[name] = in_dict[name]
[docs] def __iter__(self): """ Provide an iterator. Returns ------- iterable iterator over the keys in the dictionary. """ return iter(self._dict)
[docs] def __contains__(self, key): """ Check if the key is in the local dictionary. Parameters ---------- key : str name of the option. Returns ------- boolean whether key is in the local dict. """ return key in self._dict
[docs] def __setitem__(self, name, value): """ Set an option in the local dictionary. Parameters ---------- name : str name of the option. value : - value of the option to be value- and type-checked if declared. """ try: meta = self._dict[name] except KeyError: # The key must have been declared. msg = "Option '{}' cannot be set because it has not been declared." self._raise(msg.format(name), exc_type=KeyError) if self._read_only: self._raise("Tried to set read-only option '{}'.".format(name), exc_type=KeyError) self._assert_valid(name, value) meta['value'] = value meta['has_been_set'] = True
[docs] def __getitem__(self, name): """ Get an option from the dict or declared default. Parameters ---------- name : str name of the option. Returns ------- value : - value of the option. """ # If the option has been set in this system, return the set value try: meta = self._dict[name] if meta['has_been_set']: return meta['value'] else: self._raise("Option '{}' is required but has not been set.".format(name)) except KeyError: self._raise("Option '{}' cannot be found".format(name), exc_type=KeyError)