# finite_difference.py¶

Finite difference derivative approximations.

class openmdao.approximation_schemes.finite_difference.FDForm(deltas, coeffs, current_coeff)

Bases: tuple

__contains__($self, key, /) Return key in self. __getitem__($self, key, /)

Return self[key].

__init__($self, /, *args, **kwargs) Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature. __iter__($self, /)

Implement iter(self).

coeffs

Alias for field number 1

count(value) → integer -- return number of occurrences of value
current_coeff

Alias for field number 2

deltas

Alias for field number 0

index(value[, start[, stop]]) → integer -- return first index of value.

Raises ValueError if the value is not present.

class openmdao.approximation_schemes.finite_difference.FiniteDifference[source]

Approximation scheme using finite differences to estimate derivatives.

For example, using the ‘forward’ form with a step size of ‘h’ will approximate the derivative in the following way:

$f'(x) = \frac{f(x+h) - f(x)}{h} + O(h).$
__init__()[source]

Initialize the ApproximationScheme.

add_approximation(abs_key, kwargs)[source]

Use this approximation scheme to approximate the derivative d(of)/d(wrt).

Parameters: abs_key : tuple(str,str) Absolute name pairing of (of, wrt) for the derivative. kwargs : dict Additional keyword arguments, to be interpreted by sub-classes.
compute_approximations(system, jac=None, total=False)[source]

Execute the system to compute the approximate sub-Jacobians.

Parameters: system : System System on which the execution is run. jac : None or dict-like If None, update system with the approximated sub-Jacobians. Otherwise, store the approximations in the given dict-like object. total : bool If True total derivatives are being approximated, else partials.